Scholarly Authoring & Presenting Guide

This guide will help you better understand the structure and composition of a scholarly article.

Inclusive Citation

As Calier et al. (2022) summarize: "There is increasing evidence that women, people of colour, and other minoritised groups are systematically under cited (see, for example, Caplar, Tacchella and Birner, 2017; Chakravartty, Kuo, Grubbs and McIlwain, 2018; Fulvio, Akinnola and Postle, 2021)."

As researchers, we can support a philosophy of inclusive citation. "Inclusive citation describes an approach to citing the intellectual and creative work of individuals and groups with a diversity of backgrounds, experiences, and perspectives. Inclusive citation works to counteract dominant power structures that have historically privileged certain groups while disadvantaging others" (Andrea Baer, Rowan University).

We can support that philosophy by ensuring that we practice inclusive referencing: "the practice of including different voices and perspectives in your research. It prioritises investigating, and where relevant including, non-dominant voices, and emphasises the importance of including voices and perspectives from the group you are looking at and/or groups affected by the topic" (Technological University Dublin).

Some important steps to take:

  • Look beyond the “top” journals and impact factors - "Less ‘prestigious’ journals can contain more diverse research" (Mason & Merga, 2021)
  • Cite works from diverse contexts (other countries, cultures, BIPOC writeres, underrepresented voices in your field, etc.)
  • Cite works from languages other than English
  • Cite open-access journals published, e.g., in the Global South (see repositories like SciELO, African Journals Online)
  • Carefully consider which scholars you quote directly and which you paraphrase, because quoting confers more authority

Need help finding this diverse scholarship? Try searching here:

Citations Are Not Neutral

"...citational practices can be a tool for either the reification of, or resistance to, unethical hierarchies of knowledge production." (Carrie Mott & Daniel Cockayne, 2017)

Mott, C., & Cockayne, D. (2017). Citation matters: mobilizing the politics of citation toward a practice of ‘conscientious engagement’. Gender, Place & Culture, 24(7), 954-973.

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