Citing Sources: Chicago Notes/Bibliography Style

This guide gives general guidelines and specific examples for using the Chicago Style Notes and Bibliography citation format.


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Erin Owens
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Introduction to This Guide

The Chicago Manual of Style actually describes two separate citation formats, generally referred to as "Notes and Bibliography" and "Author/Date."

The Notes and Bibliography format is most commonly used in History, especially here at SHSU, and thus is the focus of this guide.

Use the menu on the left to explore the detailed information in this guide. You can also access the complete, official Chicago Manual online for additional detail (requires SHSU username and password).

Turabian Style?

"Turabian" style follows the same format as Chicago style, but with a few very small modifications which are sometimes better suited to student papers (where Chicago may be designed more for with professional papers in mind).

See more resources on Turabian modifications of Chicago style.

Citing Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism

Cite all sources that you quote, paraphrase or refer to when writing a paper. If not, you may be guilty of plagiarism (see more about what plagiarism is and how to avoid it). Sources should be cited in the text of your paper as well as at the end in a reference list. 

A full explanation on how to cite sources using Chicago style is available in the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., available at the Library Service Desk or online (see the top of this page).


In-depth assistance with writing, citing, and avoiding plagiarism is available at the SHSU Writing Center.


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