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How to Evaluate Research Sources

Ask a Librarian

 

lib_ref@shsu.edu

TEXT 936-229-3764

CALL 936-294-1614 or
1-866-NGL-INFO (645-4636)

Wikipedia

There are some common reasons why your professors may not let you use Wikipedia as a source:

  • Wikipedia is a general encyclopedia.
    • At the university level, your professors are looking for more than general rudimentary material. General encyclopedias give baseline information, oftentimes it's the type of common knowledge that isn't usually cited. Academic subject-specific encyclopedias will often provide more scholarly and citeable information.
  • There is often no way of knowing who is editing the entries or what his or her level of expertise is.
  • You cannot be sure the content is "permanent"
    • (although you can look at the revision history).
  • You can't be sure the content meets standards of academic rigor.
    • One of Wikipedia's main principles is that it strives for a neutral point of view. The problem is that in any knowledge endeavor, much less a collaborative and ad hoc venture like Wikipedia, deciding what's neutral and having something reviewed for this neutral point of view can be controversial and too uncertain to meet academic standards.

On how to use Wikipedia more effectively, visit the Digital Literacy Resource guide by Cornell.

-Quoted from The Digital Literacy Project produced by Cornell

Instead of Wikipedia, try...

The library catalog's advanced search

  • Under location groups select "All Reference Collections"
  • Enter your subject or keywords (words or phrase)
  • Search the reference books available in the 2nd floor area

This by no means is a comprehensive list of the reference materials available. Some are in the regular stacks that you can check out.

The reference databases

FYI: If you're off-campus you will be prompted to enter your user name/password (this is what you would enter when you log on to a computer on campus)

Use Reference Universe

Search a selection of print and electronic encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other Reference books.

More Search Options

I Edit Wikipedia

-Picture from mikeedesign

 

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