This resource is considered the official source for public or private laws passed by Congress. Laws are printed individually in Acts, but permanently in the Statutes at Large.
The terms ACT or STATUTE are interchangeable.
Notice P.L. is used in the Statutes At Large
A proposed law that concerns policy, appropriations and law. Bills add, repeal or amend laws.
Needs Presidential approval.
(H.R.): House Bill ( S.) Senate Bill
Proposals limited to House or Senate policy. A resolution can occur in one or both the chambers. There are THREE types:
1. Simple Resolution:
Operations of one chamber of Congress, or a collective opinion of that chamber on public policy.
No presidential approval needed when the topic is operations of Congress.
Simple resolution began in the House
Simple Resolution began in the Senate
2. Concurrent Resolution:
Legislation about operations of both chambers of Congress, or a collective opinion of both chambers on public policy.
No Presidential approval is needed when the topic is operations of Congress.
Concurrent began in House
(S. Con. Res.):
Concurrent began in Senate
3. Joint Resolution:
Legislation with the same effect as a bill. The outcome of the Conference committee where final bill versions are created for the President. Resolutions can amend the Constitution.
Resolutions Require approval of the President unless they amend the Constitution.
(H. J. Res.): Joint began in House
(S. J. Res.): Joint began in Senate
THE SERIAL SET:
House/ Senate documents and reports that are the result of investigation of bills and other issues by committees appear in the Serial Set. Use this database to search within the Serial Set: