Accessing the Freedmen's Bureau Records of Texas

Research Librarian

Kristina Claunch's picture
Kristina Claunch
Contact:
936-294-1520
kclaunch@shsu.edu

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions.

The records consist of bound volumes and unbound records, including letters received and endorsements, monthly school reports, and other records relating to freedmen's complaints and contracts. 

Texas Field Office Records, 1865-1870

  • Click Browse through 29,370 images

    Homepage of the TX Freedmen's Bureau Records

     
  • You can view a Table of Contents, which may help you navigate the huge number of records, click Descriptive Pamphlet (which appears at the beginning of the list of Field Office locations). Navigate to page 14 where the Table of Contents begins. You can browse the contents of all 28 rolls, or you can scroll forward and focus on a roll number associated with a specific field office.
     
  • Click a Field Office location.

    Searching by field office location in the TX Freedmen's Bureau Records
     
  • Each location will then present links to one or more "Rolls." (This digital collection was created from 28 rolls of microfilm.) Note the roll number(s) for a specific office if you want help navigating these records in the Table of Contents (as described above).

    Viewing a roll of content in the TX Freedmen's Bureau Records

 

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