Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Company Research: APA Citation


Profile Photo
Lisa Shen
  Rm 223F, Library main floor

Ask a Librarian

TEXT 936-229-3764

CALL 936-294-1614 or
1-866-NGL-INFO (645-4636)

Citing Articles & Websites


Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (Date). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume# (Issue#), page#. doi: (if available)

Offstein, E. H., Morwick, J. M., & Koskinen, L. (2010). Making telework work: Leading people and leveraging technology for competitive advantage. Strategic HR Review, 9(2), 32-37.


Author, A. (date). Title of document. Website name if available. https://xxxxxxxxx


Chipotle Mexican Grill Inc. (2021). Sustainability: Cultivate a better world.


Chipotle issues new sustainability report. (2019, April 30). PR Newswire.

If no publication date - use (n.d.) for "no date"

If no author - put Title of document/webpage first

Citing Specfic Business Resources

Annual Report / 10K

Wells Fargo. (2020). 2019 annual report.

AtoZ World Culture

World Trade Press. (n.d.). Canada: The business experience. AtoZ World Culture database.

Books (whole)

Levitt, S. D., & Dubner, S. J. (2005). Freakonomics: A rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything. William Morrow.

Books (chapter)

Paauwe, J., & Dewe, P. (1995). Organizational structure of multinational corporations: Theories and models. In A.W. Harzing & J. Van Ruysseveldt (Eds.), International human resource management: An integrated approach (pp. 51-74). Sage Publishing. 

Business Insights: Global

Gale Group. (2019). Exxon Mobil Corp.: Company profile. Business Insights: Global database.

Nike Inc.: Financial and strategic analysis review. (2018, November 1). Global Market Direct SWOT Reports. Business Insights: Global database.


Canada: Cultural etiquette .(2018). Retrieved from CountryWatch database.

D&B Key Business Ratios

Dun and Bradstreet. (2018). SIC 5122: Stationary and office supplies. D&B Key Business Ratios database.

First Research

First Research. (2014, January 12). Industry profile: Candy manufacturing. First Research database.


Le, T. (2019, May). Colleges & universities in the US. IBISWorld database.

MarketLine Plus

MarketLine. (2012, June 28). Google Inc.: Company profile. MarketLine Plus database.

Mergent Online

Mergent. (2019). Ford Motor Co. company financials: Ratios. Mergent Online database.


Mergent. (2018, September). Automotive and parts North America: A company and industry analysis. Mergent Online database


Failla, J. (2020, April), Quick service restaurants: US. Mintel database.

Standard & Poor’s (S&P) NetAdvantage

Corridore, J. (2012, June 28). Airlines. Standard & Poor’s Industry Surveys. Standard & Poor’s NetAdvantage database.

YouTube / Videos

Sam Houston State University. (2015, December 16). Santa visits Sam Houston State University [Video file].


In-Text Citation

General (Author, Date)   
e.g. (Levitt & Dubner, 2005)

No author ("First part of title," Date)  
e.g. ("Making telework work," 2010)

"Direct quote" (Author, Date, page #)
e.g. (Levitt & Dubner, 2005, p.73)

Direct Quote w/o page # (Author, Date, paragraph #)
e.g. (Levitt & Dubner, 2005, para. 5)

Ordering Ref Entries

First, order entries alphabetically by their 1st citation element (i.e., author's last name or title of work with no author)

  • Use letter spelling to order numbers, e.g., order "2020" under "T"
  • List single author work before mutli-author work

Then, order ascendingly by publication date (i.e., for entries with the same 1st citation element, order by 2nd element)

  • List no date (n.d.) entries first
  • List from earliest to most recent
  • In-press references are last

Example of ref entry order

Smith, A. (n.d.)...
Smith. A, (2011)....
Smith, A., & Smith, B. (2011)...
Smith, A. (2021)...
Smith, B, (2019)...
Smith, B. (in press)...

More APA Help

Evaluating Sources

Other Citation Styles


Newton Gresham Library | (936) 294-1614 | (866) NGL-INFO | Ask a Question | Share a Suggestion

Sam Houston State University | Huntsville, Texas 77341 | (936) 294-1111 | (866) BEARKAT
© Copyright Sam Houston State University | All rights reserved. | A Member of The Texas State University System