Research Methods, Management, & Funding Guide

This guide provides resources related to research methods, research management, and research funding.

What are Validity and Reliability?

"Reliability refers to how dependably or consistently a test measures a characteristic. If a person takes the test again, will he or she get a similar test score, or a much different score? A test that yields similar scores for a person who repeats the test is said to measure a characteristic reliably. "

"Validity refers to what characteristic the test measures and how well the test measures that characteristic."

"It is important to understand the differences between reliability and validity. Validity will tell you how good a test is for a particular situation; reliability will tell you how trustworthy a score on that test will be. You cannot draw valid conclusions from a test score unless you are sure that the test is reliable. Even when a test is reliable, it may not be valid. You should be careful that any test you select is both reliable and valid for your situation."

Source: Understanding Test Quality - Concepts of Reliability and Validity


 

Inter-rater (coder, observer) Reliability

 

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