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Collaboration and Giving CRediT
Is the first author the lead researcher? Or it is the second author, or the last author? Practices vary among disciplines, journals, and individuals. Eliminate the guesswork for your readers and provide explicit details about how each researcher contributed.
The CRediT taxonomy is one option for how to describe contributions in a clear, standardized way.
CRediT Taxonomy for Scholarly Contributions
"CRediT is high-level taxonomy, including 14 roles, that can be used to represent the roles typically played by contributors to scientific scholarly output. The roles describe each contributor’s specific contribution to the scholarly output."